University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

You will find, perhaps not surprisingly, that some of the notes are related
to corresponding passages in
*Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes* by John A. Venables,
published by Cambridge in August 2000 (ISBN 0-521-78500-6, paperback).
This book has a
web-based appendix
which we may refer to; more detailed
contents, comments and updates are also on the web.

You may wish also to have access to older standard texts, such as

*Solid State Physics* by Neil W. Ashcroft and N. David Mermin, a
1976 classic published by Saunders College, and/or

*Introduction to Solid State Physics*, by Charles Kittel, 6th edition
(1986) or 7th edition (1996) published by John Wiley.

There are many other books in this area which you may wish to dip into, but
this will depend on your individual background and interests. Some which
are worth looking at include:

*Solid State Physics: an introduction to the principles of materials science*
by Harald Ibach and Hans Lüth (Springer 1995);

*Fundamentals of Semiconductors: Physics and Materials Properties*
by Peter Y. Yu and Manuel Cardona (Springer 1996);

*Condensed Matter Physics* by Michael P. Marder (John Wiley 2000);

*Atomic and Electronic Structure of Solids* by Efthimios Kaxiras (Cambridge 2003).

If you wish to obtain further insight into modern computing methods, you can try
*Computational Physics* by J.M. Thijssen (Cambridge 1999), where you will find
wide-ranging examples, as well as how to solve eigenvalue problems. Several
of our computing examples are drawn from this book, but we are not assuming that you
will need this level of detail for the course. You may also care to consult
*Essentials of Computational Chemistry* by C.J. Cramer (Second Edition, John Wiley 2004)
and/or *Electronic Structure: basic theory and practical methods* by R.M. Martin
(Cambridge 2004). In the period of giving this course, references to review articles can
now be replaced by references to books such as these two, and to Kaxiras' book cited above.
But clearly not everyone is going to have access to these books, which in general go far
beyond our course. However, on looking at the reference lists for these books and our course,
one can see that there is a considerable level of agreement as to which developments have
been, and remain, important. Thus the newer books can serve as further reading and reference
manuals for practioners in this field.

If any faculty member or prospective student has further suggestions to make, please get in touch with one of us by email.

You can find much of this stuff on the web as
Background material for John's ASU
Quantum Physics
course. For example, the main book I use for this course is
*Quantum Physics, 2nd Edition* by Stephen Gasiorowicz, a 1996 book
published by John Wiley (ISBN 0-471-85737-8). There is now a 3rd Edition (2003,
ISBN 0-471-05700-2), which has been used over the last two years.
A list of corrections to the 2nd Edition,with suitable disclaimers, can be found
here. The 3rd Edition has
an associated
web site that contains extra material.

An alternative book I use is
*Introductory Quantum Mechanics, 3rd Edition* by Richard L. Liboff,
a 1998 book published by Addison-Wesley (ISBN 0-201-87879). The 4th edition
is now available, with one copy in the Sussex library.

Any time you want to start reading Sutton's chapter 3 is good from now on; this is a highly original approach to understanding the relationship between descriptions based on real and reciprocal lattices. Topics include the density of states, both total and local, the density matrix, band and bond energies, and finally the powerful moments theorem, all based on 1D chains of H-atoms and their boundary conditions. We are not going to take this 'head on' in lectures. Questions could, however, usefully influence what we teach later.

If you wish to obtain further insight into modern computing methods, you can try
*Computational Physics* by J.M. Thijssen (Cambridge 1999), where you will find
wide-ranging examples, as well as how to solve eigenvalue problems. Several
of our computing examples are drawn from this book, but we are not assuming that you
will need this level of detail for the course. You may also care to consult
*Essentials of Computational Chemistry* by C.J. Cramer (Second Edition, John Wiley 2004)
and/or *Electronic Structure: basic theory and practical methods* by R.M. Martin
(Cambridge 2004), and/or *Atomic and Electronic Structure of Solids* by
Efthimios Kaxiras (Cambridge 2003). In the period of giving this course, references to
review articles can now be replaced by references to books such as these. But clearly not
everyone is going to have access to these books, which in general go far
beyond our course.

For 5.2: Pettifor chapter 5.7, p 131-135; more in chapter 6; Sutton chapter 9, pages 179-180, short summary of Finnis-Sinclair for d-electrons.

For 5.3: Pettifor chapter 7, especially 7.4, 7.5, p 180-198. Sutton chapter 9, p 172-189.

In addition, a survey of the literature on metals in relation to surfaces and thin films is given in John's book, primarily in chapter 6. The contents of this chapter and any updates are on the web.

Original literature references:

Alldredge, G.P. & L. Kleinman (1974) *Phys. Rev. B* **10** 559-573.

Balasubramanian, K. (1988) *J. Chem. Phys.* **89** 6310-6315.

Friedel, J. (1969) in *The Physics of Metals* (Ed. J.M. Ziman,
Cambridge) 340-408.

Jacobsen, K.W., J.K. Nřrskov & M.J. Puska (1987) *Phys. Rev. B* **35**
7423-7442.

Jacobsen, K.W. (1988) *Comments on Cond. Matter Physics* **14** 129-161.

Moruzzi, V.L., J.F. Janak & A.R. Williams (1978) *Calculated Electronic Properties of
Metals* (Pergamon).

Nřrskov, J.K., K.W. Jacobsen, P. Stolze & L.B. Hansen (1993) *Surface Sci.*
**283** 277-282.

Papaconstantopoulos, D.A. (1986) *Handbook of the Band Structure of Elemental Solids
*(Plenum).

Skriver, H.L. & N.M. Rosengaard (1992) *Phys. Rev. B* **46** 7157-7168.

Stolze, P. (1994) *J. Phys. Condens. Matter* **6** 9495-9517;
(1997) *Simulations in Atomic Scale Materials Physics*
(Polyteknisk Verlag, Copenhagen).

For chemical and cluster developments beyond Hartree-Fock, you may also care to
consult the recent *Essentials of Computational Chemistry* by C.J. Cramer
(Second Edition, John Wiley 2004).

Historically, the book by Harrison (1980) was very important, and much of this
spirit is incorporated into the more recent book by Yu & Cardona (1996). This book
has worked examples in chapter 2, especially sections 2.4-2.7 on the band structure
of silicon, germanium, some III-V and II-VI compounds, which we will look at in the
computation sessions. If your interest is centered on devices and/or low-dimensional
structures, you may prefer to start from Kelly (1995) or Davies (1998), and only go
to Yu and Cardona if you need more on the detailed computational methods. There is a
review article (Goringe *et al.* 1997), a conference on tight binding methods
(Turchi *et al.* 1998) and a review on Order-N methods by Gödecker (1999); some of
these feature Edward Hernández's research papers (Edward helped to teach the 1999 course).

In addition, a survey of the literature on semiconductors in relation to surfaces and thin films is given in John's book, primarily in chapter 7. The contents of this chapter and any updates are on the web.

You may also care to consult the recent *Electronic Structure: basic theory and
practical methods* by R.M. Martin (Cambridge 2004). In the period of giving this course,
references to review articles can now be replaced by references to books such as this, and
to Cramer's book cited for lecture 6. But clearly not everyone is going to have access to
these books, which in general go far beyond our course. However, on looking at the reference
lists for these books and our course, one can see that there is a considerable level of
agreement as to which developments have been, and remain, important. Thus the newer books
can serve as further reading and reference manuals for practioners in this field.

Textbook, review article and original literature references:

Car, R. & M. Parinello (1985) *Phys. Rev. Lett.* **55** 2471-2474.

Cramer, C.J. (2004) *Essentials of Computational Chemistry* (Second Edition, John Wiley).

Davies, J.H. (1998) *The Physics of Low-dimensional Semiconductors: an Introduction*
(Cambridge).

Gödecker, S. (1999) *Rev. Mod. Phys.* **71** 1085-1123.

Goringe, C.M., D.R. Bowler & E. Hernández (1997) *Rep. Prog. Phys.*
**60** 1447-1512.

Harrison, W.A. (1980) *Electronic Structures and the Properties of Solids* (Freeman).

Jank, W. & J. Hafner (1990) *Phys. Rev. B* **41** 1497-1515.

Kelly, M.J. (1995) *Low-dimensional semiconductors* (Oxford).

Lenosky, T.J., J.D. Kress, I. Kwon, A.F. Voter, B. Edwards, D.F. Richards,
S. Yang & J.B. Adams (1997) *Phys. Rev. B* **55** 1528-1544.

Martin, R.M. (2004) *Electronic Structure: basic theory and
practical methods* (Cambridge).

Payne, M.C., M.P.Teter, D.C. Allan, T.A. Arias & J.D. Joannopoulos (1992)
*Rev. Mod. Phys.* **64** 1045-1097.

Qian, G.X. & D.J. Chadi (1987) J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A5 906-909;
(1987) Phys. Rev. B35 1288-1293.

Remler, D.K. & P.A. Madden (1990) *Molecular Physics* **70** 921-966.

Stich, I., R. Car & M. Parinello (1991) *Phys. Rev. B* **44** 4262-4274.

Turchi, P.E.A., A. Gonis & L. Colombo (Eds.) (1998) *Mater. Res. Soc. Symp.*
**491** 1-542.

Wang, C.Z. & K.M. Ho (1996) *Adv. Chem. Phys.* **93** 651-702.

Yu, P.Y. & M. Cardona (1996) *Fundamentals of Semiconductors: Physics and Materials
Properties* (Springer), especially p43-90.