Publication #254

Selective nucleation and controlled growth: quantum dots on metal, insulator and semiconductor surfaces

J. A. Venables, P.A. Bennett, H. Brune, J. Drucker & J.H. Harding, submitted to Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London series A, May 2002.


Nucleation and growth models are well developed for nucleation on homogeneous substrates, and can typically be described in terms of three energy parameters. Nucleation on substrates containing point defect traps has been investigated, at the cost of introducing more energy parameters. This paper outlines the quantitative description of such growth models, using rate and rate-diffusion equations, in terms of energies for individual surface processes, with examples taken from metal-metal, metal-insulator and semiconductor growth. The challenge to modelling is to describe the large range of length and time scales in thin film fabrication and degradation, without relying on too many (unknown) material parameters, which often occur in combination. Separating them into elementary processes often proves to be a challenge. One typically requires selective nucleation using patterned substrates, in combination with controlled, self-organized, growth for reliable nanotechnology. Reconstructed semiconductor surfaces offer both a further challenge to modelling and an opportunity for future technology; these paradoxes are discussed as space permits.

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Latest version of this document: 24th May 2002.